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Forensic Science Defined

Forensic Science

Forensic Science Defined?

Forensic science is a combination of broad scientific fields and is used to answer questions revolving around crime scenes and legal matters. Forensic science may be applied to a felony or a civil action. However used, the field of forensic science will apply various technologies and formulas to expedite an investigation. As a result of advancements in computer technologies and the evolution of scientific fields, forensic science is regarded as an integral aspect for crime scene investigation. Forensic science, regardless of the specific field, is used to evaluate crime scenes in hopes of extracting evidence that will ultimately lead to a conviction.

Forensic science, because of the agglomerated framework, is often described as a broad discipline within the science and law enforcement community. Within forensic science exists a number of specific disciplines, which may range from forensic veterinary science to forensic anthropology.

Individuals involved in the field of forensic science are part of an ancient tradition where the facts of legal matters are thoroughly analyzed in scientific manner to gain pertinent information that can ultimately be used in an investigation and subsequent prosecution.

What does a Forensic Scientist do?

A forensic science technician will gather evidence in criminal and legal matters to determine the underlying facts of the issue. A forensic science technician, upon analyzing the evidence, will deliver his or her findings to the courtroom. As a result of this function, forensic science plays a crucial role in delivering justice.

If an individual is charged with murder, a forensic scientist will be called in to investigate the crime scene. Depending on the individual’s specialty or field, a forensic scientist will observe fingerprints, hair strands, clothing, and DNA samples to pinpoint the identity of the criminal. When the information is gathered, the forensic scientist will transfer the evidence to a lab where he or another forensic scientist will conduct various tests.

When the tests are concluded and the information is regarded as fact, the forensic scientist will testify in court as to the details found at the crime scene. This testimony, which is often regarded as expert testimony, acts as the foundation for a conviction.

A forensic scientist typically focuses on one of area of expertise. Those involved in forensic science may specialize in DNA analysis, ballistics, or firearms and toxicology. In addition, the field of wildlife forensics is considered to be increasing in importance as incidences of illegal poaching increase throughout the world. In a similar fashion, the field of forensic psychiatry is also in increasing demand as the criminal justice system aims to understand why an individual partakes in criminal actions.

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